Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects more than 34 million Americans. Without prompt diagnosis and treatment, diabetes increases your risk of serious health problems, including a heart attack or permanent nerve damage. At her practice in Frederick, Maryland, Sabiha Mohiuddin MD provides comprehensive care for all types of diabetes. To schedule an appointment, book online or call the office to speak with a friendly staff member today.
Diabetes refers to several chronic diseases that result in high blood sugar. Everyone needs some blood sugar to survive, but if your levels spike, it can result in damage to your kidneys, heart, or nerves.
There are several types of diabetes, including:
Type 1 diabetes, or juvenile diabetes, occurs when your immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
If the cells in your pancreas become resistant to insulin, you have Type 2 diabetes. Over time, this allows sugar to build up in your bloodstream, increasing risks of serious health problems.
Gestational diabetes only occurs during pregnancy. When you’re pregnant, your body releases additional hormones to support the growth of your baby. These extra hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. If your pancreas is unable to keep up, it results in gestational diabetes.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
As diabetes progresses, your risk of infection increases. In fact, many people with diabetes develop gum, skin, and vaginal infections.
Diabetes affects people of all races and ages, but several factors may increase your risk. For example, diabetes tends to run in families. If you have parents or a sibling with diabetes, you’re more likely to experience it as well. Other contributing factors include being overweight, living a primarily sedentary lifestyle, and having high blood pressure.
The team at Sabiha Mohiuddin MD diagnoses diabetes by conducting a physical exam, reviewing your medical history, and asking about your symptoms and lifestyle. Afterward, your provider orders blood work, including a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. An A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past several months. Any reading over 6.5% indicates diabetes.
Treatment for diabetes depends on the severity of your symptoms and the underlying type. The only way to manage Type 1 diabetes is insulin therapy. Once the medication enters your body, it helps lower your blood sugar levels.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes like exercising regularly, losing weight, and eating a balanced diet may significantly improve your symptoms. It’s important to monitor your blood sugar levels daily as well.
To receive diabetes treatment, schedule an appointment at Sabiha Mohiuddin MD. Book a consultation online, or call the office to speak with a friendly staff member today.